HRA Needs Assessment & Summary Report
The main aim of this paper is to assess health risks associated with a population segment. This study will use segmentation of 25 oil refiners who are working in a crude oil manufacturing plant. These people will be selected randomly and issued with specially designed questionnaires. The questionnaires are designed in such a way that they seek to find out, the fire risk management plans that the organization has. The information obtained from the questionnaire was then analyzed and the findings used to develop a fire risk assessment plan (Brace, 2008).
The risk of fire is associated with various hazards. Some of the hazards include fire arrangements that are inadequate, unavailability or inadequacy of fire detection or prevention systems and lack of clear emergency exits and routes out of buildings incase of fire outbreaks. The risk assessment plan will be performed on the 25 employees working in an oil refinery plant. Apparently, these people are exposed to many several health problems. Due to the direct handling of refinery equipments, this group of employees get exposed to asbestos. They also inhale fibers that damaged equipments release. These carry the risk of causing cancerous diseases to the employees. However, the most dreadful risk for crude oil refiners is that of a fire outbreak (London Fire Brigade, 2013).
A plan for addressing the risk of fire
The risk of fire comes into play whenever there is a fire hazard. This is when fuel and oxygen come into contact with any source of ignition to cause fire. In a refinery plan, the crude oil is a ready fuel that would easily erupt into flames with the slightest exposure on fire. The identification of this fire hazard is the first item in the fire safety risk assessment plan. Secondly, the plan identifies the people who are most at risk with the risk of fire. Although everyone, including passersby, is at risk in case of a fire outbreak, the oil refiners who spend several hours inside the refinery plant are have the greatest risks. This is because they are exposed to the dangers of crude oil for long periods (Great Britain. Dept. for Communities and Local Government, 2006).
The third step of the plan is to evaluate and act upon the already identified risk. Evaluation involves assessing the risks of fire in the refinery plant and that of employees and any visitors in the workstation at any given time. It will also involve the removal and reduction of risks. This requires coming up with strategies of avoiding any accidental fires within the factory and identifying the potential sparks or sources of heat that could cause fires. It is also important to search the whole premise and find out if it is protected against accidental fires. On its part, action involves taking protective measures aimed at protecting both the premise and the people against the risk of fire outbreak. Here, people should first be made aware of the risk of fire and how they can identify its existence within the premise.
Additionally, there must be a plan of alerting others in case of fire outbreaks and subsequently ensuring that everyone leaves the building safely. Thereafter, one person will call the fire service. Meanwhile, in a case where the fire is small, it could put out in order to prevent it from spreading further. Protecting the people mainly involves the execution of the escape route. The building must have escape route so that each person would safely be able to find his or her way out in times of fire. Additionally, the premises must not only be equipped with safety equipments but every employee and visitors must know how to use the equipment as well (Fire Service International Ltd , 2007).
The forth step of the plan is to record, plan and train. It is important to record previous fire hazards and the measures that were taken in addressing them. These records can give insights on better strategies to be undertaken on subsequent occurrences. On its part, planning helps in keeping people safe besides preventing the fire from spreading to other neighboring buildings. Ultimately, the plan must be discussed with every member of the staff so that each is aware of what to do. Finally, training ensures that employees are aware of the steps to follow in case of fire outbreaks. It might involve practicing how to make fire drills. During such training sessions, some members of staff are nominated to carry out the fire prevention measures. People will be required to exchange their roles for comprehensive understanding. After all these steps, it is important to review the assessments for identifying any significant alterations that could be at risk. Review enables the assessment of the building structure and employees actions and practices in order to adopt appropriate practices.
Brace, I. (2008). Questionnaire Design: How to Plan, Structure and Write Survey Material for
Effective Market Research. London: Kogan Page Publishers.
Fire Service International Ltd . (2007). Fire Risk Assessment. Retrieved 07 12, 2013, from Fire
Service International Ltd : http://www.fsiuk.co.uk/downloads.htm
Great Britain. Dept. for Communities and Local Government. (2006). Fire Safety Risk
Assessment. London: The Stationery Office.
London Fire Brigade. (2013). Fire Risk Assessment. Retrieved 07 12, 2013, from London Fire