Needs of Ethnically and Economically Diverse Populations in Health Care Promotion

 

Abstract

Diversities in ethnic and economic affiliations of individuals can bring about challenges in promoting health. The major cause of diversity in ethnic and economical structures is mainly brought about by the cultural differences among the people. In the society, there are many divisions or strata that bring about so many differences among the people. Ideally, there is totally no equality as exemplified by the forecast that Caucasians will likely become the minority unlike it is now in the coming few years given the observable trends.

 

 

          Needs of Ethnically and Economically Diverse Populations in Health Care Promotion

Introduction

Ethnically and economically diverse populations may present a big challenge in the promotion of healthcare from different perspectives. Such diversities have been at the centre of many discrepancies among people all over the world not only in health promotion but in almost all aspects of human life. As a health promoter, there are many challenges that are imminent when dealing with such diversity.

 

Cultural differences

To begin with, ethnic diversity presents a number of cultural differences that can create discrepancies as far as health is concerned. For instance, the issue of ethnic stratification, where some communities or cultures of people see themselves as superior compared to others can bring about so many issues which can hinder the development of good health structures within the society. (Fertman & Allensworth, 2010).  People from a seemingly inferior society may not want to mingle with those from seemingly superior societies out of feelings of inferiority.

 

Language Barriers

Apart from the above observation, another challenge in promoting health among ethnic diversities may show up through language barriers. Many ethnic groups are separated along language lines where certain cultural groupings stick to one language while others to another. (Raingruber, 2012). This may bring about a challenge in communication especially where one group is not willing to learn the language of the other. There are a number of solutions to this such as embracing a national or international language such as English. However, there are still more challenges given that not all people are competent in learning and using international languages. (Axner, 2013).

 

Economic discrepancies

Economically, there are so many discrepancies that can come about as far as the promotion of healthcare is concerned. To begin with, there is a huge difference in the affordability of healthcare between the rich and the poor, where the poor are sometimes forced to live with their poor health without any significant medical attention because they are unable to pay for health services. In addition to this, affordability and accessibility to health information seem to be more difficult to the economically disadvantaged as opposed to the rich. (Raingruber, 2012). Poor people may not even benefit from free medical facilities given challenges such as immobility and failure to access sensitization facilities such as the media. This way, the promotion of health by a health worker can be a very challenging problem.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, the differences that exist among people along the ethnic and economical lines are many and have a direct bearing in health as far as its promotion is concerned. A number of dimensions through which this happens have been looked at although not exhaustively given the scope of the paper. The most important thing is to seek ways of overcoming these challenges in order to allow a smooth way of provision of healthcare promotion services.                                                 

 

 

References

Axner, M. (2013). The Community Tool Box. Building Relationships with People from Different Cultures. Kansas: Kansas University. http://ctb.ku.edu/en/tablecontents/sub_section_main_1170.aspx

Fertman, C. I., & Allensworth, D. D. (2010). Health Promotion Programs: From Theory to Practice. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Raingruber, B. (2012). Contemporary Health Promotion in Nursing Practice. Wall Street: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

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